Rabi and Kharif Crops: Know what are Rabi and Kharif Crops? What are the Crops and When is Sowing and Harvesting Done?

Rabi and Kharif Crops: Based on the pattern of Indian climate, the crops of our country are divided into two main parts – Rabi and Kharif. The names of crops Rabi and Kharif originated in Arabic language. The use of these names came into vogue in India during the Mughal rule, which is still being used in common speech as well as in administrative work.

Highlights ·

  • The crops of our country are divided into two main parts – Rabi and Kharif.·
  • Apart from these, zaid, food and cash crops are also grown.·
  • Rabi crops are grown in winter.·
  • Kharif crops are grown during monsoon.·
  • The names of crops Rabi and Kharif originated in Arabic language.

Rabi and Kharif Crops: In the Indian subcontinent, all types of crops are not produced in the same season. Based on the Indian climate pattern, the crops of our country are divided into two main parts – Rabi and Kharif. However, apart from these, zaid, food and cash crops are also grown. Talking about Rabi and Kharif crops, Rabi crops are grown in winter and these include wheat, barley, oats, pulses, mustard and flax seeds etc. Similarly, Kharif crops are grown during monsoon and examples are rice, maize, millet, soybean, cotton, fodder etc.

Rabi and Kharif Crops: This is how the crops are named Rabi and Kharif.

The names of crops Rabi and Kharif originated in Arabic language. The use of these names in India came into vogue during the Mughal rule, which is still being used in common speech as well as in administrative purposes. The word Rabi is derived from the word Spring in Arabic because these crops are harvested after winter. Similarly, Kharif means Autumn in Arabic, because these crops are harvested in autumn.

Rabi and Kharif Crops: These are the differences between Rabi and Kharif crops

The difference between Rabi and Kharif crops is actually determined on the basis of their sowing and growing seasons. The main differences between the varieties of both the crops are as follows:-

kharif and Rabi Crops Chart

Kharif Crops Rabi Crops
sowing period Usually from May-June during monsoon After monsoon rains during October-November
other names Monsoon Crops, Autumn Crops winter crops
impact of rain Dependent on rain, caused by extremely low or extreme rainfall Generally no harm, but winter rains cause harm
essential climate Hot climate and abundant water required Warm climate at the time of sowing and cool climate during growing season is necessary.
harvest period usually during October and November

 

usually during April and May
examples of crops Rice, maize, millet, soybean, cotton, sorghum etc. Wheat, barley, oats, pulses, mustard and flax seeds etc.
Name Hemant season is called Kharif in Arabic. Spring season is called Rabi in Arabic

 

 

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens in Rabi and Kharif Crops?

Rabi crops are grown in winter and Kharif crops are grown during monsoon.

Which are Rabi and Kharif crops?

Wheat, barley, oats, pulses, mustard and linseed etc. are Rabi crops and rice, maize, millet, soybean, cotton, fodder etc. are Kharif crops.

How did Rabi and Kharif crops get their names?

The crop names Rabi and Kharif originated in Arabic, based on the Arabic names of the seasons in which they were grown.

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