Hair transplants are recognized as a procedure in which a dermatological or plastic surgeon moves hair to the bald area. They typically take hair from the backside of your head. Besides, a hair transplant usually occurs in a medical office and under the local anesthesia.
Additionally, pattern baldness is one of the main reasons for the majority of hair fall or hair loss issues. This particularly comes down to genetics. And remaining is due to several other factors that include:
- Hormonal Imbalance
Different Types of Hair Transplants
There are two different types of hair transplants procedures available and they are Micro-Grafts and Slit Grafts. Depending on the coverage needs, micro-grafts contain 1-2 hair per grafts while slit grafts have 4-10 hair per graft. You should consult with your hair care expert before opting for a procedure.
Who Might Get Benefitted from a Hair Transplant Procedure?
With a hair transplant, you can enhance your self-confidence and appearance. Suitable candidates for these procedures are:
- Women with hair thinning
- Men with ‘male’ pattern baldness
- Anyone who has lost hair from a scalp injury or burn
In addition to this, you should know about the candidates who are not suitable for any sort of hair transplant procedure. And they are:
- People who tend to form keloid scar after surgery or injury
- People who do not have sufficient ‘donor’ areas from which the surgeon can take hair for the procedure
- People who lost hair due to medication like chemotherapy
- Women with a widespread hair loss pattern throughout their scalp
What Happens During Hair Transplants?
After cleaning your scalp thoroughly, a dermatological surgeon will use a small needle to numb the area with local anesthesia. And then they use one of the two main techniques – Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) or Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) to get the follicles for hair transplant. Some more details about these techniques have been given here:
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
- In this technique, the surgeon will use the scalpel to take a strip of your scalp’s skin from the backside of your head. And this incision can be several inches long
- It is then closed by the surgeon with stitches
- After this, they will separate the removed part of the scalp into small sections by using magnifying lenses and a surgical knife. While implanted, these sections will greatly help you get natural hair growth
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
- In this technique, they cut out the hair follicles directly from the backside of your head through numerous tiny punch incisions
- They will make small holes with the help of a needle or blade in the area that is going to receive the hair transplant and then they gently place hair in these holes
- During the procedure, your surgeon may transplant multiple hairs
- After this, bandages or gauze will cover the transplanted area for the next few days
One session of hair transplant can take 4 or more hours to complete. And your stitches will be removed after 10 days of surgery. To get the full ‘hair’ head, you may need around 3-4 sessions. Please note, these sessions typically take place several months apart so that every transplant can completely heal.
What to Expect After a Hair Transplant?
Right after the transplant, you may experience a sore scalp and you may need to take medicines for that. You can take the following to reduce the ‘after-effects’ of the procedure:
- Antibiotics to reduce the infection’s risk
- Pain medication
- Anti-inflammatory medicines to keep swelling down
Most people can easily return to normal routine work after several days of surgery. Besides, it is quite normal to lose some transplanted hair after the procedure for some weeks as it makes way for the new hair. It may take up to 8-12 months after the procedure to see the new hair growth, but it is absolutely normal. In addition to this, you can ask your dermatologist to suggest some medication to improve hair re-growth and stop or slow future hair fall.
Complications with Hair Transplant
Even though the side effects of the transplant procedure are minor and can clear up within a few days or weeks, you must consult with your surgeon if you experience anything unusual. The minor side-effects of this procedure include the following:
- Swelling on the scalp
- Lack of sensation or numbness on the treated area
- A crust on the areas where hair was implanted or removed
- Bruising around your eyes
- Sudden or shock loss
- Infection or inflammation of the hair follicles, known as the Folliculitis
- Unnatural hair tufts
Generally, people who have had a hair transplant procedure will continue to grow hair in the treated area. Your new hair may appear less or more dense depending on:
- Hair quality or caliber
- Hair curl
- The density of hair follicles in the treated zone
- Laxity of your scalp
However, before you go to the procedure, it is suggested to discuss the possible outcomes and side-effects with your dermatological surgeon. This discussion will help you get ready for the procedure with realistic expectations in mind.