Thalassemia the Disease

Blood and the connective network

Blood is called as the liquid connective tissue of the is composed of different types of cells that are involved in different type of specific functions in the body. It has a no of cells they are the RBCs, WBCs platelets and also other associated cells.

RBCs are the Red Blood Cells and the WBCs are the White Blood Cells. Red Blood cells have the property of carrying oxygen. They have a peculiar structural organization. It is disc shaped and very much sleek in nature that can pass through any opening. This movement of RBCs through any of the pores of the body is called as the Diapedesis. It is also devoid of any of the nucleus type of structure and therefore they have the sleek type of structure. WBC are involved in the defense mechanism of the body. They have immunologic function that renders them to differentiate between self-cells and the harmful and infective foreign cells that can cause a lot of problem to the human body. They have the property of cell drinking as well as cell eating which called as the pinocytosis and the phagocytosis respectively. Platelets are very much important for the other functions of the body like blood clotting.

Blood and its properties

The blood is red in color. This color of the blood is very much fundamental in nature. This color is due to the presence of the hemoglobin present in the blood. This hemoglobin is present in the RBC. It has dual function. Heme portion of the hemoglobin is used for the carrying the iron that is required for performing different type of activities regarding the metabolism. The globin part of the body is useful in carrying the oxygen to the different parts of the body. Oxygen for the human body in the first and foremost requirement of the body. The thalassemia is a disease that is characterized by the lower amount of the oxygen present the proteins in the blood carrying it. The symptoms and the effects of the disease differs from person to person. It starts with very low count of red blood cells called as the anemia. The starting symptoms are the pale skin and the very much tired skin.  With time the symptoms like black urine, yellowish appearance of the skin, enlarged skin and also sometimes bone problems appears. It is a inheritable disease that gets travelled from one generation to another generation.

The treatment?

During the course of treatment the components of blood are required at a particular location. If you need frequent transfusions there is a chance that iron may found in your blood as well. In that case you would need to confuse medicines in order to flush out the excess iron from your body. Stem cell therapy that also goes by the name of bone marrow transplant works out to be a process where the stem cells of a patient are transported. In fact these stem cells are taken from a patient or from that of a donor. This is an effective procedure for children who are suffering from severe thalassemia. If you do it a young age the chances of blood transfusion needed throughout the life reduces.


Hemoglobin having two proteins called as the alpha and the beta. Thalassemia is prominent when any one of these proteins is not produced or it is non-functional. It can also happen because of the problem in the gene.


There are mainly two types of thalassemia

  • Alpha thalassemia- when only the alpha protein is missing or the gene responsible for the alpha protein is non-functional
  • Beta thalassemia- when the beta protein is absent or the gene for its production is mutated.


Thalassemia treatment in India is very much prominent with expert doctor’s siting in the hospitals. They are also using new techniques for the cure of this treatment. You can protect yourself from infections by washing your hands with soap. In order to increase the supply of red blood cells in your body you need to take folic acid. On the other hand your diet should be adequate and need to include vitamin D and calcium in large amounts. Do not get into the consumption of any supplements where the iron content is on the higher side.

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In terms of recovery the procedure does not take a long time. If it is severe it may take a few days to a few years as well. The key point would be that you need transfusions on a regular basis as well.

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