An autoimmune disease actually is a clinical condition where the immune system would be mistakenly attacking your body. It is quite normal for the immune system to guard your body against foreign invaders such as viruses and germs. Once your immune system is able to identify these invaders, it would be sending out an army comprising numerous fighter cells for attacking them.Usually, a healthy immune system is able to know the difference between the body’s own cells and the foreign cells. However, in the case of an autoimmune disease, your immune system is not functioning normally and is not able to differentiate between your body’s own cells and the invaders; so it mistakenly attacks your skin or joints thinking them to be foreign invaders. The immune system would be releasing proteins known as autoantibodies that would be attacking your body’s healthy cells assuming them to be foreign cells. There are over 80 different types of autoimmune diseases.
Type 1 diabetes
The pancreas in your body is known to produce insulin that is effective in regulating blood sugar levels. In Type 1 diabetes, your immune system would be attacking and destroying all insulin-producing cells that are present in the pancreas. High blood sugar could be damaging blood vessels and even organs such as kidneys, eyes, heart, and nerves.
In rheumatoid arthritis, all joints in your body are attacked by the body’s own immune system. This attack would lead to redness, soreness, warmth, and even stiffness in your joints. Osteoarthritis would be affecting you in old age but rheumatoid arthritis could be affecting you even when you are only about 30 years old.
Multiple sclerosis is known to damage the myelin sheath which is the protective shield surrounding the nerve cells. When the myelin sheath is damaged it would be impacting the proper transmission of messages that takes place between the body and your brain. The damage to the myelin sheath could culminate in symptoms such as weakness, numbness, trouble walking, balance issues etc. The disease would be coming in numerous forms and would be progressing at different rates. About half the people afflicted with MS require help walking practically within 15 years post acquiring the disease.
In this context, you must know about monoclonal antibody vs. polyclonal and their role in revolutionizing the lab diagnosis of different diseases. Monoclonal antibodies are used effectively in the proper treatment of autoimmune diseases, cancer, bone marrow or organs transplantation, infectious diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Detection of antibodies has swiftly become the hallmark of modern diagnostics.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease actually is a term used for describing conditions that trigger inflammation in the intestinal lining. Each type of inflammatory bowel disease would be affecting a different portion of your gastrointestinal tract.
After you have tested positive in your blood test for detecting autoimmune disease, your doctor could be correlating your test results and symptoms for confirming the diagnosis. You must keep in mind that there are no treatments for completely curing the autoimmune diseases, However, this sort of overactive immune response could be controlled effectively and the inflammation could be brought down to a certain extent.