The liver is one of the vital organs of the body and performs many important functions like food digestion, storage of fats, protein synthesis and others. The organ has many cells and cellular compartments, and these replace each other if any one of them suffers from problems, so that the liver keeps functioning at its best. Liver cells are also capable enough to rejuvenate themselves. But when the condition is irreversible (mostly because of late medical intervention), a liver transplant becomes a necessity. In these cases, liver failure is imminent and only a new and replaced liver transplant from the best liver transplant hospital in India can enhance the life of the patient.
Here are the conditions and types of liver diseases that can be only cured through a liver transplant:
Liver Transplant in Children
Biliary Atresia is the underdevelopment of the bile ducts in children. Bile may not get transferred to other body parts like gallbladder, the child may develop jaundice, and later on, liver failure occurs. Liver transplantation can be life-saving in this condition. Apart from this condition, hepatoblastoma, a tumour, may also cause liver failure, and the treatment may require a liver transplant.
Liver Transplant in Adults
The Hepatitis virus (including the Hepatitis B and C virus) may be the cause of a chronic infection, which may lead to liver failure. Apart from this cause, other causes that necessitate liver transplantation at a leading liver hospital include:
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
The condition characterises the storage of excessive fats on the liver. This may damage the functioning of the liver, may cause inflammation, and lead to liver failure.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
The condition characterises chronic inflammation within the liver. The disease itself may spread itself over multiple years and the liver may fail after a long time of primary inflammation or infection.
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
The condition characterises build-up of bile within the liver and occurs because of the improper attacks of the immune system.
This kind of tumour may also require a liver transplant in adults, while they are also rare causes including overdosing of drugs (suicidal or accidental) that cause liver failure.
Liver cirrhosis may not directly be responsible for the liver failure. It involves the scaring of the liver and a long-term chronic disease where the liver cannot perform most of its functions. When the liver is not capable of performing the vital functions, transplantation with the healthy liver may only be the option available. Liver cirrhosis maybe heredity or may occur because of fatty liver disease, autoimmune liver disorders, excessive and chronic alcoholism, and infections of hepatitis virus. Cirrhosis may give rise to a number of complications, which may require a liver transplantation. Some of these complications include:
- Damage to the brain because of liver failure- Encephalopathy
- Fluid accumulation within the stomach/abdomen- Ascites
- Bleeding- Variceal Haemorrhage
- Hypertension and consequent blood loss
Certain other hereditary conditions can also be a cause of liver failure. Fortunately, the liver transplant facility is available at the leading hospitals in India that have expert liver doctor panel and modern medical equipment. The cost of liver transplantation in India is relatively very less when compared to other nations.