The Government of India has been taking initiatives towards economic upliftment via a two-pronged approach, i.e., financial as well as skill enhancement. While the financial initiatives expand across measures, skill improvement primarily involves helping develop business prowess and expertise alongside employability through Skill India courses.
Initially, the National Policy on Skill Development (NPSD) was launched back in 2009 and saw its program revision in 2015. Alongside, it was also renamed as Skill India. The program aims to aid in a holistic expertise development of India’s youth through various skill development courses designed across multiple industry verticals. Under the Skill India Mission, the government has launched several schemes that offer courses and programs for skill development and training.
Primary components of courses under the Skill India Mission
Imparted via various schemes, the Skill India courses can be segregated into five broad categories.
- Programs for entrepreneurship development.
- Programs for management and development.
- Courses for skill development.
- Trainers’ training programs.
- Courses for the development of other skills.
List of schemes launched under the Skill India Mission
The schemes launched under this mission include the following.
- PMKVY or Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
- SANKALP or Skill Acquisition or Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion.
- STAR or Standard Training Assessment and Rewards Scheme.
- Schemes to vocationalise education.
- Polytechnic schemes.
One can choose from the list of Skill India courses offered under these schemes and enhance their employability. It also enables one to start an entrepreneurial venture.
However, as setting up a new company would require sizable funding, you may look for financing options such as loan against property to start your business that brings along advances of up to Rs.3.5 crore against asset mortgage.
As for the skill development courses, here’s a detailed look at the courses offered through PMKVY, the flagship skill development scheme under the Skill India Mission.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana – Courses for skill development
The PMKVY aims to impart training to the youth of India through various courses of Skill India and operates under the mission of training 40 crore Indians by 2020 to empower them for a better livelihood. Courses offered under the scheme are covered under 33 different categories across a range of industry verticals.
Individuals who have a prior certification can take up these courses under PMKVY whose fees for training and assessment are covered by the Government of India.
The following skill development courses list enumerates a handful of verticals under which various programs are run for skill enhancement.
- Beauty and wellness.
- Capital goods.
- Furniture and fitting.
- Gem and jewellery.
- Handicraft and carpets.
- Infrastructure equipment.
- Indian plumbing/iron and steel.
- IT and ITeS.
- Tourism and hospitality.
The Skill India courses offered under these verticals are designed via the inclusion of the following components.
- Training for a short term: These courses and training programs are designed for a short term ranging between 150 and 300 hours to fit in the busy schedules.
- Training through special projects: The component aims to impart training for special projects that do not fit in the standard framework.
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela: It encourages participation from across the nation to improve the accessibility of available opportunities.
- Competency alignment via RPL: Individuals with any existing certification can take the benefit of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) module to fill in any knowledge gaps.
- Placement guidelines: The components help guide a skilled worker towards a field with high demand.
- Guidelines to monitor skill enhancement standards: It ensures the set standard for imparting skill training is maintained across various centres.
Once qualified, an individual is empowered to either fit in a skilled job or start an entrepreneurial venture. Both ways, it leads to increased employment.
As for the Skill India courses offered through various schemes, already 3.16 lakh placements have been facilitated under the PMKVY. These schemes have been painting many success stories through streamlined implementation and quality checks.