With the advancement in the agriculture industry, farming is no longer just confined to the dusty field. Urban farmers are now growing food in closed spaces like building’s compound, factories, or climate-controlled greenhouses.
The growing method which made this possible is called hydroponics. The hydroponic method doesn’t require soil for growing plants, as it uses a formulated nutrient solution which contains all the essential nutrient that a plant needs during its growth period.
The plant roots submerged in the nutrient solution rather than the soil, and it helps the grower in utilizing the resources like nutrients and water efficiently.
Steps Involved in Starting a Hydroponic Business
No doubt that hydroponic farming is a growing business in India today, as more farms are setting up across the nation. Peoples are now getting more aware of the fresh and pesticide-free food which they can get from hydroponic farms.
There few steps of starting a hydroponic business in India:
- Find a suitable place for your farm: A desirable place for setting up a hydroponic farm is where the water and electricity are easily accessible, and from where the targeted market is not too far.
- Do extensive market research: Market research will help you in deciding the crop that can be profitable in your region. Different region has different requirements for food, and it also depends on the population living in that area.
- Conceptualize your hydroponic farm setup: It will help you to decide which type of farm equipment is suitable for your hydroponic farm. It also saves last-minute changes in the design of the farm.
- Estimating the capital: There is a whole range of equipment is available in the market, and it may be confusing to decide which equipment is suitable for your farm can be confusing. That is why it is better to take the help of a reliable equipment supplier to get things done smoothly.
Before you get things done, you should know about the different types of hydroponic systems. Every hydroponic system has its advantages and disadvantages.
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Types of Hydroponic System
When you know about the basics of a particular hydroponic system, you decide better which type of system is more desirable for your crop type. There are many hydroponic systems available, but we will discuss here the generally used hydroponic system in India.
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) System: NFT system is one of the most popular commercial hydroponic systems. This system has a series of growing channels in which the nutrient flows along the bottom.
The main advantage of the NFT system is its efficiency because it re-circulates the nutrient solution after use.
Deep Water Culture (DWC) System: It is one of the simplest to use for crop growth. A reservoir is used in this system to hold the nutrient solution while the plant roots get submerged in it. The Deep Water Culture system is different from the NFT system, as it doesn’t have any channels.
The advantage of this type of system is that it requires low maintenance.
Drip System: The drip is known for its efficiency in the commercial hydroponic industry. With the help of a timer, the plants get a small volume of nutrient solution supplied directly to the roots. The benefit of this system is that you can control and schedule the nutrient volume.
The choice of the hydroponic system depends on the crop type that you want to grow in your hydroponic farm.
Many of the hydroponic farms built in India have a person behind who doesn’t have an agricultural background. But they set up their urban farm intending to produce sustainable and fresh food.
Digital marketing is also making it easier for peoples to get healthy and fresh at their doorstep, and they are ready to pay a premium price for pesticide-free hydroponically grown food.
With the increasing population and growing demand for food, hydroponic farming in India can be a better choice if you are looking for a sustainable and profitable business.