Whether it’s small neighbourhood, a town or a large city, nothing spring up overnight. Careful and comprehensive research of design and civil engineers, architects, project managers, surveyors and environmental planners are behind all the successful off-plan properties. The combination of all these disciples is what we know as “urban development” which in broader terms can be defined as a system of commercial and residential expansion for the creation of cities but primary focus is on residential sector.
Desolate areas are targeted while the plan incorporate the entire infrastructure including transportation and sewerage lines, communication, land use to improve current appearance of a town or city. Important factors such as land utilisation, aesthetics, unkempt buildings, conveyance and shabby constructions; all affect the entire planning and development for off plan properties.
- Natural expansion
The biggest reason for expansion of major cities is population that’s surging beyond control. Urban developers then eye natural territories for housing and recreational areas. Natural development is establishing residential areas in undeveloped and unused parts of the region but it’s a result of obliterating wildlife; that pretty much explains the rapidly changing Earth’s climate and the powerful El-Nino. Still, developers should work closely with environmental protection agencies to ensure protection of wilderness and plantation from damage. But the real question is, till when?
Natural expansion isn’t always possible in densely populated areas. If a large city is encircled by other metropolises, there isn’t any room for further expansion. In this scenario, urban planners target decaying neighbourhoods and towns, unused spaces or obsolete industrial districts. On a larger scale other than the natural development, revamping asks for compliance of city-dwellers as they both consider the needs of growing population in these areas.
- Tenable development
It means to strike a balance between environmental preservation and human wants. Developers prefer commencing operations through expanding and renovation of the urban areas so as to ensure sustainable growth. This sustainable/tenable development focuses in restricting pollution growth, increase in recycling plants and methods plus, efficient use of electricity through alternate energy sources.
With renovation of the urban area, developers execute sustainable progress by integrating these alternate energies into the city’s main power grid, eliminating pollution production facilities, incorporate recycling methods in building material and improve all such services.
- Challenges & complications
Planning and development for off-plan properties isn’t just time consuming but also expensive. Joint effort of the institutions, organisations and individuals is required to progress along with funding from corporations, individuals and government subsidiaries. Development through renovation and expansion ask for major facelift of existing infrastructure including transportation system, industries, neighbourhoods, technology, sewage and waste management system as well as society’s culture.
Urban developers must seek ways to balance protection of ecology, development of a large city, maintain culture and atmosphere of the original metropolis. Take example of urban developer in New Orleans considering new ways to keep safe from natural disasters after the catastrophic Katrina Cyclone. They’re also planning to retain the culture and vitality of this renowned city.
- Land usage
Zoning laws are defined by the city planners who try managing land utilisation in a city however it does affect growth aspects to a certain extent. Developers do their best to move accordingly as per building codes and aspects such as size of new constructions, building use and features it would possess. While freedom is given to the architect by planners, they also need enforcing safety and intelligent infrastructure so as to avoid overcrowding, even at peak time and issues such as water consumption.
Many cities pay special attention to the natural beauty and its preservation while urban development. Municipal authorities try reducing the clutter or follow a conventional architectural style. The technique is quite evident in medieval parts of the town where developers may put their creativity at best when designing homes.
Development of off-plan properties is undeniable especially with the rapid increase in population and can be improved if regulated under proper laws.